Los Tambores del Candombe (Coleccion Peces) (Spanish Edition) [Luis Ferreira] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Candombe is an African derived rhythm that has been an important part of in the introduction to the book “Los Tambores del Candombe” by Luis Ferreira. knowledge of the tambores and candombe is a constant inspiration. candombe , the tambores, and their rhythms generally served as a means of inserting.
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The text that follows are excerpts from books and articles written about candombe, as well as the viewpoint of individuals who have been close to this scene. Today this contribution is quite apparent in all events linked to music.
Gustavo Goldman, Uruguayan musicologist. Views Read Edit View history. Tambofes Mackandal, the rebel who urged Haitian slaves to rebellion, was burnt alive by the French, it was drums that told how he had escaped the flames by turning into a mosquitoe.
This “conversation” requires a given order, since the drums cannot “call” all at the same time; one repique must call, then another one answers, one piano calls another one, a repique calls to go faster and raise the intensity, then all the drums answer and so on.
Archived from the original on In Montevideo, the capital of Uruguay, they “go out” in street ceremonies on all public holidays throughout the year, with a grand finale at Carnival, in the parades of the Sociedades de Negros y Lubolos.
Its musical spirit sums up the sorrows of the unfortunate slaves, who were hastily transplanted to South America to be sold and subjected to brutal work. This page was last edited on 19 Novemberat Each comparsa features such traditional characters as la mama vieja, el gramillero, el escobero, la vedette, el baiiarin, el portaestandarte, el portabanderaetc, who also “go out” in the Liamadas parade.
The repique is a medium-pitched drum playing a basic rhythm with continuous improvisation. In the interior part of the country, the existence of llamadas de tambores and comparsas is a recent phenomenom. The term candombe has been used to represent various things through the ages.
They are single skin headed and there are three sizes: An even larger drum, called bajo or bombo very large, very low timbre, accent on the fourth beatwas once common but is now declining in use. In its common form, its meter corresponds to the 3: The barrel-shaped drums, or tamborileshave specific names according to their size and function: Wearing the best dress they could find, to the beat of the tamboriles or other instruments, such as marimbas, quisanches, zambombas, cajas, mazacallas, etc.
The drums are made of wood and have a curved barrel shape with its base very narrow. Every year, on January 6th, these African nations celebrated Dia de Reyes as a tribute to the black king of the three wise men who they supposed was Balthazar San Baltasar. The masters couldn’t understand the drum’s language.
The music of these drums is fundamentally collective. A key rhythmic figure in candombe is the clave canvombe form. These were pained souls, harboring an inconsolable nostalgia for their homeland. A complete cuerda rope or line comprises at least a chico, a repique and a piano.
Drums, like tales or dreams, resound throughout the night. There are several master drummers who have kept Candombe alive uninterrupted for two hundred years. A cuerda at a minimum needs three drummers, one on each part.
The rhythm it plays serves as a reference. The tambores de candombe candomb tamboriles are drums used in the playing of Candombe music of Uruguay.
In the English islands of the Carribbean, he who dared play the drum — the Devil’s instrument! It is believed that no less than ten million “ebony pieces” disembarked on the coasts of North and South America. The number of participants varies ; there have been cuerdas comprising up to drums. Sundays and some rare holidays. From a musical point of view, the style variations lie in the dynamic, the tempo, the piano toques, the order and setting of the comparsa and the proportion of each drum.
It takes an active part in controlling the tempo and the dynamic of the Llamada. Women have also started playing candombe drums and even directing cuerdas in San Jose and Canelones.
What is Candombe?
Afro-Uruguayans gathered in Naciones Africanas organised as European monarchies with kings, queens, princes, dukes etc. These dialogues are what is called llamada de tambores. They have always deserved suspicion and they have often been guilty. The roots of this population were not homogeneous, but rather a multi-ethnic swath of Africa that was culturally quite varied.
Some of these have even performed in Montevideo, for the Desfile Oficial de Llamadas, among them the comparsas from the towns of Melo, Durazno or Colonia. The main instrument of these events is the tamboril drum, which the Uruguayan musicologist Ayestaran Lauro, following Hornbostel canombe Sachs’ criteria, defines as a tubular, barrel-shaped, single-skinned, directly struck membranophone, which is canrombe — when the musician strikes the sound box — an independent percussion idiophone.
There are also many towns throughout the world where local tamborileros meet with Uruguayans around the candombe drum practice: This rhythm traveled to Uruguay from Africa with black slaves, and is still going strong in the streets, halls and carnivals of this small enchanting country.
The practice of such celebrations as xandombe of the Three Magi has persevered in both the Comparsas Lubolas Black societies of Montevideo’s Carnival and the Dle de Tamboriles.