JOMINY HARDENABILITY TEST. Objective. To study hardness as a function of quench rate and investigate the hardenability of steels. Introduction. PDF | The Jominy end-quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel , which is a measure of the capacity of the steel to harden in depth under a. The Jominy end-quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel, which is a measure of the capacity of the steel to harden in depth.

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Substances like brine and water cool the steel much more quickly than oil or air. The Vickers hardness test uses a square pyramidal diamond hardenqbility. High carbon steels are prone to distortion and cracking during heat treatment, and can be difficult to machine in the annealed condition before heat treatment.

The Jominy End Quench Test, ASTM A

A high hardenability is required for through hardening of large components. The recorded hardness depends on the indentation load and the width of the square indentation made by the diamond. For example, any video clips and answers to questions are missing.

This method of increasing the hardenability is rarely used since substantial increases in hardenability require large austenite grain size, obtained through high austenitisation temperatures.

Carbon controls the hardness of the martensite. A standardised bar, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The data is shown as Vickers and Rockwell hardness. Modern materials and manufacturing processes. High hardness occurs where high volume fractions of hardenabliity develop. The cold region has transformed from austenite to a mixture of martensite, ferrite and pearlite. You have three steels. Manufacturing Engineering and Technology.

DoITPoMS – TLP Library The Jominy End Quench Test

Steels with low hardenability may be used for smaller components, such as chisels and shears, or for surface hardened components such as gears. However, the effect is too small be be commonly used for control of hardenability. There are conversion charts between the hardness scales. The bar is divided into 25 equal length elements, and, at each time step of the simulation, for each element, a new temperature, resulting from heat transfer at either end, is calculated.


As the water jet sprays onto the end of the hot, glowing specimen, a cold dark region spreads up the specimen. When a hot steel work-piece is quenchedthe area in contact with the water immediately cools and its temperature equilibrates with the hardenabioity medium. Three medium carbon steels hardenbaility. The most commonly used elements are Cr, Mo and Mn.

This data can be presented using CCT C ontinuous C ooling T ransformation diagrams which are used to select steels to suit the component size and quenching media.

James Marrow and Dave Hudson. Steel compositions are sometimes described in terms of a carbon equivalent which describes the magnitude of the effect of all of the elements on hardenability.

The hardenability of ferrous alloys, i. Boron can therefore only affect the hardenability of steels if it is in solution. Select the most appropriate steel to achieve the necessary levels of mechanical properties, residual stress and distortion in a 1mm diameter wood-working drill. The hardness is measured at intervals from the quenched end.

The Jominy End Quench Test

Jominy end quench test can also be used to demonstrate the effects of microstructure and alloying variables on the hardenability of steels.

The depth from the quenched end, over which martensite is obtained, is then the measure of hardenability. Select the plot of hardness variation along the test specimen that best describes their behaviour. Structure of En 8, 1 cm from quenched end of Jominy bar.

Your browser does not support the video tag. The hardenability depends on the alloy composition of the steel, and can also be affected by prior processing, such as the austenitisation temperature. The interval is typically 1. This alternative longer video clip contributed by Oxford Brookes University shows both the transfer of the sample from furnace to Jominy machine, and the jet spraying one end of the sample.


This TLP considers the basic concepts of hardenability and the Jominy test. In this heat flow simulation you can adjust various parameters and observe the effect on the heat flow and cooling of the specimen.

The water jet is started and sprayed onto the bottom of the specimen until the specimen is cool.

Subsequent to cooling a flat surface is ground on the test hardenabilityy and the hardenability is then found by measuring the hardness along the bar. The retardation is due to the need for redistribution of the alloying elements during the diffusional phase transformation from austenite to ferrite and pearlite.

It uominy not only necessary to understand the basic information provided from the Jominy test, but also to appreciate how the information obtained can be used to understand the effects of alloying in steels and the steel microstructure. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.


This is commonly used in the USA. This animation requires Adobe Flash Player 8 and later, which can be downloaded here. The Rockwell hardness test measures a number which depends on the difference in the depth of an indentation made by two loads, a minor load followed by a major load. The cooling rate varies along the length of the sample from very rapid at the quenched end, to rates equivalent to air cooling at the other end. The hardenability of a ferrous alloy is measured by a Jominy test: This composite microstructure of martensite and austenite gives a lower hardness to the steel, although the microhardness of the martensite phase itself is still high.

Two specimens of a low alloy steel with 0.

The unit of hardenability is length.