In its native range in the Mediterranean region, G. monspessulana is widespread but only locally abundant. It tends to form small populations. Description. French broom is an upright, evergreen shrub that commonly grows to 10 ft. tall. It has round stems that are covered with silvery, silky hair, and small. Genista monspessulana. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire.

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US Fish and Wildlife Service. Germination occurs following seasonal rains mainly in the spring and autumn mainly in autumn in the native range. Boletim da Sociedade Broteriana, Similar to Scotch broom, French broom can fix nitrogen through its association with soil fungi and thereby disrupt low-nutrient ecosystems.

Weeds of Australia – Biosecurity Queensland Edition Fact Sheet

Flowers are pedicellate and borne in a series of congested lateral racemes of three to seven flowers on indeterminate axillary branches along last year’s shoot growth with new growth and leaves continuing above. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions federal and state legislation, and local government laws directly or indirectly related to each control method.

In Australia, it is a widespread environmental weed of national, state and urban mohspessulana and fallow land mainly in South Australia and Victoria, but also in Tasmania and southern New South Wales Sheppard, Koch International Common Names English: Leaves are shed one year later as new leaves are produced in spring higher up the shoot.


Plants establish best after soil or vegetation disturbance, caused by animals, fire or herbicide treatments, for example. Genixta monspessulana Scientific classification Kingdom: Peterson DJ, Raj Prasad, Meat or dairy goats should be used because these are the easiest to handle and cannot jump the fences.

It is native to the Mediterranean region. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 16 6: US Fish and Wildlife Service, a. The results were similar.

Genista monspessulana

Reburning the same site years later may also help if there is a sufficient fuel load and the frequent fires do genisat prevent native bush regeneration. These weeds compete with and replace the native food plant of the butterfly, sweet bursaria Bursaria spinosa. Invaded habitats include sclerophyllous recreational and commercial forests, open woodland, along roadsides, railways and river systems from m altitude, coastal plains, mountain slopes, riverbanks, road cuts, forest clear-cuts, grassland and open canopy forest.

The wedge-peas Gompholobium spp. Rob and Fiona Richardson mature fruit Photo: Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds.

Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, Such infestations are likely to have a genisa impact on the food sources of native fauna as well as reducing plant biodiversity. US Fish and Wildlife Service, b. Seed pods are rusty brown, covered with silky hairs, usually with seeds per pod.


National Park Service Leys A, Lamarck and de Candolle. Chemical Control The main chemicals used gsnista control brooms are picloram, triclopyr, glyphosate, fluroxypyr and metsulfuron Parsons and Cuthbertson, For individual large plants, weed wrenches assist targeted removal, but can disturb the soil prolonging the need for monitoring for regeneration Bossard, Most of the key infestations probably started in rural gardens.

Polunin O, Smythies BE, In drier climates broom can remain a highly invasive species associated with the banks or braided riverbeds of watercourses or along drainage lines. Check our website at www.

Where does this species come from?

Naturalised Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Dicotyledons. Gibbs, ; Gibbs and Dingwall, ; Greuter et al. State s Where Reported invasive.

University of Washington Ph. Flowering occurs mostly during late winter, spring and summer. Flowers of south west Europe: Oregon Vascular Plants Online Database. Catalogo Ilustrado de las Plantas de Cundinamarca, 3: Why is it a problem?