Man will only become better when you make him see what he is like. (Anton Chekhov). The levels of sophistication of science to date might not. Emotional amoral egoism is a neuro-chemically based theory of human naturedeveloped by the neuroscientist and philosopher Nayef Al-Rodhan and published. In Napoleon Bonaparte, at the heights of his power, set out for the most adventurous, and ultimately fatal, military campaign. Napoleon’s Grand Army of.

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Nayef Al-Rodhan is a philosopher, neuroscientist and geostrategist. It argues that human behaviour is governed primarily by emotional self-interest and that the human mind is a predisposed tabula rasa. The resources invested in the current disputes and the risks arising from the elevated tensions they have created already exceed any material or strategic advantage either side would gain from their outright possession.

Based on this unprecedented access into the human brain, neuroscience has identified the neurochemical representation of numerous human traits and akoral. Man is therefore not an entirely clean slate insofar as man possesses predilections which are coded by genetics and later influenced by the environment. The implicit tone of these perspectives optimistic vs.

In Napoleon Bonaparte, at the heights of his power, set out emtoional the most adventurous, and ultimately fatal, military campaign. This book is entitled: This kind of social configuration is a fundamental tenet of a healthy pluralistic democracy. The trouble with this classical formulation is twofold.

The amorality of the untutored human beings thus leaves them significantly, though not entirely, at the mercy of the circumstances and social context in which they find themselves.

Xenophobia and Ethnocentrism 5.

This deficiency was first demonstrated when the USSR, having achieved nuclear parity, continued its build-up programme, prompting concerns that such strategic miscalculations were a symptom of the US strategy having been trapped in scientific and economic theorizing. Implications and Policy recommendations As humans are egoiism to varying external conditions, the propensity for rational or irrational behaviour is moulded by fluctuations in etoism environment.


Nationalistic rave harboured within collective groups has often found expression in symbolic gestures. The discussions have also often oscillated between polar contrasts, presenting human nature amoal either fundamentally good or bad.

Please Consider Donating Before you download your free e-book, please consider donating to support open access publishing. Conflict resolution, like any process of social and political engineering, involves humans, and those same humans have their aspirations, prejudices and values expressed through neuroanatomical and neurochemical processes that can fluctuate.

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Sign In Don’t have an account? It is also worth remembering that these kinds of emotional schisms also existed in Europe for Centuries leading to numerous wars from the Thirty Year War to the more recent two world wars. However, the range of moral choices and actions are more diverse as material and idiosyncratic circumstances complicate state biases and actions. Our social and political existence today is, of course, more complex than that of our ancestors, involving various forms of cooperation, interaction and connectivity, which require a common platform upon which social harmony can develop.

The presence of this survival instinct thus cuts against the idea of a truly blank slate.

How much state-religion separation is necessary to secure liberal-democratic ideals. The role of dignity was also highlighted in a UN report in This book is essential reading for anyone interested in the substrates of human nature and its universal security implications in relation to identity, conflict, ethnocentrism, xenophobia, morality and global governance.

The national interest in International Relations The IR dogma has predominantly portrayed the state as a rational entity, which irrespective of contexts, could not afford to be led astray by emotionality in its emotiional interactions.

The modern state is described as a rational entity, necessary and instrumental to upholding law and order, and guarding against the demise to an infernal state of nature. The Centrality of Emotion Human experience is mediated by emotions, and these emotions, in turn, are mediated by neurochemistry. Passion and Social Relations of Production 5. This is compounded by the emotional deep mistrust felt by people in the region of Western states as impartial honest brokers.


These kinds of polarising emotive responses can exacerbate crises where a degree of common humanity is essential to formulating effective and lasting solutions.

The ‘emotional amoral egoism’ of states | Nayef Al-Rodhan

Contemporary neuroscientific research has confirmed these ideas. With this understanding of our human nature, as emotional, amoral and egoistic, we must weigh alternative policies and approaches to social organization, especially given the emotional and deeply efoism nature of identity issues.

Dignity is not just the absence of humiliation, but a more comprehensive set of nine dignity needs: The origins of this debate go back to antiquity and various cultures and religions, and relatively recently to Rousseau and Hobbes.

The development of a moral compass is mostly the result of formative events and experiences, and is thus largely contingent upon external circumstances. Strategic Culture Constructivism pointed to the different perceptions and historically-entrenched identities that belie a simplistic premise of rationality under which states meotional act for their survival or to maximize their power. These neuroscience-based studies form a picture of human nature along the lines of emotional, amoral, egoisma characterization that can be transposed to states.

Both at intrastate and inter-states levels, habits play critical roles in mitigating uncertainty, providing a sense of order and entrenching patterns of cooperation or enmity.

Infrequent Reflection and Morality.