Ecarin is a snake venom (Echis carinatus) that directly activates prothrombin to meizothrombin This action is not dependent on phospholipid membranes and . Genus: Echis. Species: carinatus. Common Names Small in length, cylindrical and moderately slender bodied snake with a very short tail. Can grow to a. The saw-scaled viper (Echis carinatus) is one of the principal causes of snake bites in India. For the Haffkine Institute, these snakes are procured for their venom.

Author: Dugore Togar
Country: Latvia
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Relationship
Published (Last): 9 March 2014
Pages: 364
PDF File Size: 9.4 Mb
ePub File Size: 10.31 Mb
ISBN: 151-7-39352-263-5
Downloads: 38599
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Maukus

George Nicol, London, 90 pp. Once, it was observed how some 20 individuals had massed on top of a single cactus or small shrub. Ober den Geburtsvorgarng bei einer Sandrasselotter Echis carinatus Salamandra 6 Trustees of the British Museum Natural History.

Carinaths analysis of taxonomy and description of new forms.

Echis carinatus Schneider Zoology and Ecology, DOI: Southwestern Arabian Peninsula western Yemen. Accessed 21 September Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics carrinatus 1: The reptile fauna of India. The principle aim of this site is to provide information useful to improving outcomes for humans suffering from envenoming or poisoning by animals, plants or mushrooms.

South African Institute of Medical Research. Often found in small hills and scrub jungles.

Echis – Wikipedia

Of the more dangerous systemic symptoms, hemorrhage and coagulation defects are the most striking. Venom Procoagulants Mixture of procoagulants. In the northern parts of its range, these snakes hibernate in winter. Snake Species of the World: Accessed 22 June The herpetofauna of central Uzbekistan. The darinatus of the head has a whitish cruciform or trident pattern and there is a faint stripe carinatuus from the eye to the angle of the jaw.


Based on protein sequence data Okuda et al. Sierra Leone Studies 5: Accessed 12 September Morphological and molecular phylogenies of viperines: Retrieved from ” https: Accessed 7 June If there is any impairment of vital functions, such as problems with respiration, airway, circulation, heart function, these must be supported as a priority.

Die Amphibien und Reptilien West-Pakistans. Often lies in the sand with only the head exposed and sometimes found among branches of small shrubs. There are also reports that this species occurs in Iraq. The snout is short and rounded, while the eyes are relatively large and the body is moderately slender and cylindrical. The poisonous snakes of India and how to recognize them, Part II. The Book of Indian Reptiles and Amphibians.

The Snakes of Iran. Publishing, New Delhi, pp. Accessed 2 August Specimens have also been found in Balochistan at altitudes of up to m. No attempt should be made to pursue the snake into the undergrowth as this will risk further bites. They are also capable of other forms of locomotion, but sidewinding seems to be best suited to moving about in their usual sandy habitats.


The saw-scaled viper Echis carinatus. Colombo, Ceylon [Sri Lanka]: PLoS One 13 2: Aipysurus mosaicus, a new species of egg-eating sea snake Elapidae: Retrieved 1 August The others are Naja naja, Bungarus caeruleus, and Daboia russeli.

Local Effects Marked local effects; pain, severe swelling, bruising, blistering, necrosis. The type locality was not included in the original description by Schneider Most of these species have venom that contains factors that can cause a consumption coagulopathy and defibrinationwhich may persist for days to weeks.

Echis carinatus | The Reptile Database

Accessed 13 September In sandy environments, they may bury themselves leaving only the head exposed. Equally, we cannot list knowledge which is not yet reported or known. Toxicoa GrayTuranechis Cherlin[1]. The population of E.

There was a problem providing the content you requested

Dorsal scales are dull, strongly keeled and imbricate with apical pits. In particular, for bites causing flaccid paralysis, including respiratory paralysis, both airway and respiration may be impaired, requiring urgent and prolonged treatment, which may include the mouth to mask mouth to mouth technique of expired air transfer. Find more photos by Google images search: