John Duns Scotus (/66–) was one of the most important and The Ordinatio, which Scotus seems to have been revising up to his. John Duns, commonly called Duns Scotus is generally considered to be one of the three most . The standard version is the Ordinatio (also known as the Opus oxoniense), a revised version of lectures he gave as a bachelor at Oxford. Marenbon, J. (). Duns Scotus, Ordinatio, Prologue, part 1, qu. unica. [Other].

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Another of Scotus’s positions also gained official approval of the Roman Catholic Church: But even the first three commandments, once we start looking at them, are not obviously part of the natural law in the strict sense.

Scotus also developed a complex argument for the existence of God, and argued for the Immaculate Conception of Mary. Pope dnus Vatican City portal Catholicism portal. John Duns Scotus, God and Creatures. A critical edition is in progress; at present we have a transcription of a reasonably reliable manuscript of Book I. Since that universal, goodness, contains many different particular things, intellectual appetite has many different options.

We know God in the way that dkns know, say, a person we have heard about but have never met. Catholicism portal Philosophy portal.

Duns Scotus – Wikipedia

Citing Anselm of Canterbury ‘s principle, ” potuit, decuit, ergo fecit ” He [i. Long honored as a Blessed by the Order of Friars Minor, as well as in the Archdioceses of Edinburgh and Colognein the 19th-century the process was started seeking his recognition as such by the Holy Seeon the basis of a cultus immemorabilisi.

So Aquinas just defines the will as the capacity to choose in accordance with a conception of the human good—in other words, as intellectual appetite.

Second, the soul itself is mutable and subject to error, and it can be preserved from error only by something less mutable than itself. Thus the claim that Martin Heidegger wrote his Habilitationsschrift on Scotus [27] is only half true, as the second part is actually based on the work by Erfurt.

Relative properties are those which are predicable ordintio God in relation to creation; absolute properties are those which belong to God whether or not He chose to create. L is now part of the moral law. Indeed, the concept that is according to itself common to the species is the ratio of its divisibility into species, but it is not the ratio of distinguishing the species from one another; but this species ordinztio distinguished from that one by duna difference.


From there he shows that one primacy implies the others, and finally there can only be one nature that is the First Efficient Cause, Ultimate End, and the Most Perfect Nature. If not and if there is no infinite regress, then the argument at once comes to a standstill.

Scotus appears to try to fully demonstrate that Aristotle’s text is not contradictory to the Christian doctrine of God.

Duns Scotus

Since universals by definition include many particulars, intellectual appetite will have a variety of objects. An important question since the s has revolved over whether Scotus’s thought heralded a change in thinking on the nature of ‘being,’ a change which marked a shift from Aquinas and other previous thinkers; this question has been particularly significant in recent years because it has come to be seen as a debate over the origins of ‘modernity.

There are also accidental forms, which are a substance’s accidental qualities. The story about Duns Scotus being buried alive, in the absence of his servant who alone knew of his susceptibility to coma, is probably a myth.

For Scotus, though, infinity is not only what’s ontologically central about God; it’s the key component of our best available concept of God and a guarantor of the success of theological language.

In addition, there are 46 short disputations called Collationesprobably dating from duhs a work in natural theology De primo principio ; and his Quaestiones Quodlibetalesprobably dating to Advent ordjnatio Lent Scotus rejected the distinction. Scotus’s other Aristotelian commentary, the Quaestiones super libros Metaphysicorum Aristotelisseems to have been started early; but Books VI through IX are all late or were at least revised later in Scotus’s career.

The argument is enormously complex, with several sub-arguments for almost every important sdotus, and I can only sketch it here. They can therefore see that the principles from which they proceed are null, since manifest impossibilities follow from them.

Duns Scotus, Ordinatio, Prologue, part 1, qu. unica

Biblioteca de Autores Cristianos, Later philosophers in the sixteenth dins were less complimentary about his work and accused him of sophistry. We can very easily see the motivation for the view by recalling that a substantial form is supposed to be what makes a given parcel of matter the definite, unique, individual substance that it is.

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For it is Scotus’s fundamental conviction that morality is impossible without libertarian freedom, and ordinatil he sees no way for there to be libertarian freedom on Aquinas’s eudaimonistic understanding of ethics, Aquinas’s understanding must be rejected.

So while there might be some reasons why God chose the laws he chose, there is no fully adequate reason, no total explanation.

And since we cannot look to the uncreated exemplar by our natural powers, certainty is impossible apart from some special divine illumination.

This is to say, in plain words, that the same material substance, in itself not divided or distinguished, is informed by many quantities, and from this there are many individuals under the species.

Authors/Duns Scotus/Ordinatio

Fourteenth century svotus included Francis of Mayrone diedAntonius Andreas diedWilliam of Alnwick diedand John of Bassolis diedsupposedly Scotus’s favourite student. If they are, then some entity can be abstracted from them, and this a specific entity; and concerning this it must be asked: But as Scotus elaborates his views on form and matter, he espouses three important theses that mark him off from some other philosophers of his day: For truly substance, prdinatio to some position [of Thomas Aquinas, Godfrey of Fontaines], does not of itself have parts of the same ratioand yet it is not of itself non-having parts odinatio the same ratio so that it is repugnant with it to have parts, because then it could not receive such parts formally through something advening to it.

Scotus understands intuitive cognition by way of contrast with abstractive cognition. Thus far Scotus is simply repeating Aristotelian orthodoxy, and none of his contemporaries or immediate predecessors would have found any of this at all strange.

References to Aristotle and quotations from scots authors come from the footnotes to this edition. Scotus points out that that can’t be right either.