Autonomous Biological Control of Dactylopius opuntiae (Hemiptera: Dactyliiopidae) in a Prickly Pear Plantation With Ecological Management. The cochineal scale insect, Dactylopius opuntiae (Cockerell), is a key pest of Opuntia spp. (Plantae: Cactaceae). It reduces the plants’ useful-life and affects. The presence of the Opuntia cochineal scale insect, Dactylopius opuntiae ( Cockerell) (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Dactylopiidae) is reported for the.

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Helotrephidae Pleidae pygmy backswimmers. Ceratocombidae Dipsocoridae Hypsipterygidae Schizopteridae Stemmocryptidae.

Corixoidea Corixidae water boatmen. Eggs hatch very soon after they are laid, sometimes within minutes, and probably even occasionally while they are still inside the female.

Aphrophoridae Cercopidae Clastopteridae Epipygidae Machaerotidae. This page was last edited on 8 Augustat We found that the probability of extinction of these insects in a cladode increases with its density, dactyloipus the density and predator activity also increased. Pyralidae as well as Dactylopius opuntiae Hemiptera: Species of Opuntia with flat pads.

Six species that prey on cochineal were identified. Environmental Entomology 39 4dactylopuus Identification of red dyes in textiles from the Andean Region. Aetalionidae Cicadellidae leafhoppers Melizoderidae Membracidae typical treehoppers, thorn bugs Myerslopiidae. First record of Dactylopius opuntiae Cockerell Hemiptera: In addition to the nine that long composed the genus, D.


Dactylopiidae and their cacti hosts Cactaceae: Gerroidea Gerridae water striders Hermatobatidae Veliidae riffle bugs. The feeding of the scale induces yellow areas on the cladode within a few weeks, subsequently causing its drop. Dactylopiidae from the Chihuahuan Desert, Texas, U.

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Hemiptera of South America Scale insects. First report of the Opuntia cochineal scale Dactylopius opuntiae Hemiptera: Laetilia coccidivoraandHyperaspis trifurcatawere the most active and their abundance was significantly correlated with the abundance of cochineal. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Hydrometridae marsh treaders or water measurers Macroveliidae Paraphrynoveliidae. Dactylopius is a genus of insect in the superfamily Coccoidea, the scale insects. Enemigos naturales dactylo;ius Dactylopius opuntiae Cockerell en Opuntia ficus-indica L.

Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad Distribution Table Top of page The distribution in this summary table is dactylopous on all the information available. Aenictopecheidae Enicocephalidae unique-headed bugs, gnat bugs. It is a major pest of cactus plantations in South America, and has recently invaded Israel.

Dactylopiidae on spineless cactus. The red crawlers are armed with long filaments on the posterior part of their abdomen. Gelastocoridae toad bugs Ochteridae velvety shore bugs.

Dactylopius opuntiae (prickly pear cochineal)

Molecular phylogeny of the genus Dactylopius Hemiptera: Tracing cochineal through the collection of the Metropolitan Museum. This genus is monophyletic. Aclerdidae Asterolecaniidae pit scales Beesoniidae beesoniids Carayonemidae carayonemids Cerococcidae ornate pit scales Coccidae soft scales Conchaspididae Dactylopiidae cochineals Diaspididae armored scales Eriococcidae felt scales Halimococcidae pupillarial palm scales Kermesidae Kerriidae lac scales Lecanodiaspididae false pit scales Margarodidae cottony cushion scales, giant coccids, ground pearls Micrococcidae Mediterranean scales Monophlebidae giant scales Ortheziidae ensign scales Phenacoleachiidae phenacoleachiids Phoenicococcidae palm scales Pseudococcidae mealybugs Putoidae giant mealybugs Stictococcidae stictococcids.


Further insecticide trials for the control of Cactoblastis cactorum Lepidoptera: One is left crimson, one is soaked in lemon juice to turn it scarlet, and the third is rubbed with wood ashes to turn it purple. It is processed to produce the pigment carmine, which has long been used as a red food coloring and a natural dye for textiles.

Belostomatidae giant water bugs Nepidae water scorpions, needle bugs.

Dactylopius – Wikipedia

Some cacti are invasive plants, and as parasites of cacti, Dactylopius species have been employed as agents of biological pest control in Africa and Australia. Host-plant affinities of two biotypes of Dactylopius opuntiae Homoptera: The pest is capable of killing small cacti within months, or a large cactus within two years. Heteroptera with Coleorrhyncha were referred to as Prosorrhyncha.