CANDIDAL BALANITIS. DEFINITION. Balanitis refers to inflammation of the glans . The most common cause of balanitis is Candida albicans. In common usage, “balanitis” and “balanoposthitis” are interchangeable, although balanoposthitis occurs only in uncircumcised males. For the. Zoon balanitis (ZB) is one of the benign nonvenereal dermatoses, which presents as a solitary, persistent erythematous plaque usually on the glans penis.

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In addition to this, it is rather very important to differentiate this lesion from its clinical equivocal lesions such as erythroplasia of Queyrat, infective and other inflammatory penile dermatoses, which has been discussed in this review.

Presentation of 15 patients, five treated with a carbon dioxide laser. YAG laser – Few studies have reported Er: Balanitis Inflammation of the glans penis and the preputial mucosa of a circumcised penis Specialty Urology Balanitis is inflammation of the glans penis. Etiology Etiology and pathogenesis of this condition are still speculative.

Erythroplasia of Queyrat of the glans penis on a background of Zoon’s plasma cell balanitis. YAG laser treatment of idiopathic chronic inflammatory non-cicatricial balanoposthitis Zoon’s disease — A series of 20 patients with long-term outcome. The clinical criteria given by Kumar et al. Plasma cell balanitis and vulvitis of Zoon. Financial support and sponsorship Nil.


Topical calcineurin inhibitors TCIs – This includes topical tacrolimus ointment both 0. Thus, there is a lack of supportive evidence for this hypothesis.

Complete resolution of Zoon balanitis with photodynamic therapy — A new therapeutic option? J Dermatol Surg Oncol. The clinical differentiation between ZB and its clinically equivocal dermatosis may be sometimes challenging. Circumcision is the definite treatment of ZB according to the European guidelines for the management of balanoposthitis.

Views Read Edit View history. Histologically, benign conditions such as pemphigus vulgaris, flexural psoriasis, lichen planus, and Reiter’s disease may show features in common with ZB but lack the typical changes in the epidermis and dermal blood vessels. The treatment of Zoon’s balanitis with the carbon dioxide laser. Siderophages and extravasated red blood cells. Dermoscopy [ 26 ].

Circumcision debate Inflammations Penis disorders Theriogenology. In contrast to this, the adjacent normal skin shows a typical honeycomb pattern and round papillary vessels.

Additional features such as subepidermal clefts, necrotic keratinocytes, and lozenge keratinocytes i. Zoon’s balanitis successfully treated with photodynamic therapy: In dogsbalanoposthitis is caused by a disruption in the balanopoatitis systemsuch as a wound or intrusion of a foreign body. Torchia D, Cappugi P.


Balanitis – Wikipedia

Retrieved from ” https: However, long-term controlled studies are needed to confirm its effect and to know the dose and duration of therapy for complete clearance in ZB [ Table 2 ]. Balanopoostitis is an entity of utmost importance both for the patients due to their concern regarding its prognosis and its management can be really challenging for the dermato-venereologists.

Clinical criteria for diagnosing Zoon balanitis[ 18 ]. Non-venereal diseases of male genitalia.

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Balanitis on boys still in diapers must be distinguished from redness balano;ostitis by ammoniacal dermatitis. Topical steroids preparations – There are mainly two studies one by Yoganathan et al.

Accentuation of spongiosis occurs in the lower half of the spinous zone.