TITLE: The Catalan Atlas. DATE: AUTHOR: Abraham Cresques. DESCRIPTION: This ‘atlas’ was the work of a family of Catalonian Jewish chart. This page contains the translations into English the legends of the Catalan Atlas ( ) as they appear in the different panels of this work attributed to Cresques. En pocas ocasiones un Mapamundi anónimo y sin fecha se ha podido documentar tan ampliamente como el Atlas Catalán que guarda la Biblioteca Nacional.
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Commons is a freely licensed media file repository. The Catalan Kingdom of Majorca Cambridge,— Description Europe Mediterranean Catalan Atlas. These are only a few of the questions that are raised wtlas attempting to interpret the Catalan Atlas of as representative or reflective of an existing status quo in the Mediterranean. In other jurisdictions, re-use of this content may be restricted; see Reuse of PD-Art photographs for details.
At its apogee, the Crown of Aragon could only claim that it ruled the lands between the atlws and eastern Mediterranean but they often exercised little real power over any of it.
Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: The texts and illustration emphasize the Earth’s spherical cataalan and the state of the known world. The four remaining leaves make up the actual map, with Jerusalem located close to the stlas two depict the Orient and the remaining two Europe and North Africa.
Views View Edit History. The Catalan Atlas indicates Aragonese-ruled territory using the gold- and ruby-colored senyera Catalan flag. With regard to the Catalan Duchy of Athens, which had always been independent of Aragon, cstalan lack of any indication of the existence of a politico-administrative relationship between Aragon and Athens may be demonstrative of the growing tendency of the Aragonese to leave the Duchy to its fate in the face of rising Turkish aggression, which the Crown of Aragon had little or no desire to confront.
ATLAS CATALБN – Mapamundi de los Cresques – Biblioteca Gonzalo de Berceo
You are commenting using your WordPress. In this regard, the point of departure for the discussion of the Catalan Atlas should be the thematic question: Abraham Cresques Maps showing 14th-century history Catalan Atlas.
Public domain Public domain false false This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author’s life plus years or less. Exploration and Colonization from the Mediterranean to the Atlantic, The Duchy of Athens remained an important commercial and strategic outpost for the Crown of Aragon until its fall in The map provides intricate details about harbors, navigational routes and nautical aspects of the Mediterranean.
Mapping Time and Space: In general, many medieval maps were drawn with a limited purpose in mind, and were usually only meant to be utilized by a clearly defined group.
Europe and North Africa. Public domain Public domain false false.
File:Europe Mediterranean Catalan Atlas.jpeg
Skip to content Skip to section menu. Furthermore, there are significant descriptions of North African cities, where the Catalans had managed to secure rights to recruit mercenaries and establish religious institutions, and also where they possessed numerous trading outposts.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Although the Catalan Atlas possesses all of these characteristics, it also possesses many features that are atypical of portolans. This is a featured picture on the English language Wikipedia Featured pictures and is considered one of the finest images.
The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file pages on other projects are not listed:. The explanatory texts report customs described by Polo and catalogue local economic resources, real or supposed.
Information from its description page there is shown below. Even though it takes the form of a portolan chart, the Catalan Atlas incorporates various elements, such as iconography, imagery, and the symbolic use of color. Catalan atlas France The Catalan Atlas, Foremost among them is the depiction of Jerusalem—the city of the Crucifixion and the Resurrection—as the center of the world. During the Mamluk erathe main gathering point for pilgrims from West Africa was Timbuktu, the great medieval city of learning.
Is a map simply an objective graphic representation of territory or does it reflect a complex collection of spatial knowledge constructed in such a way that is indicative of a larger set of social relations?
British Museum – West Africa
The labeling of Sicily, Majorca, and Aragon-Catalonia with senyeras ascribes an imaginary unity to the Aragonese domains in the Mediterranean that did not exist in reality. The emphasis on trade routes, especially in the non-European world, in North Africa and the East, highlights the fact that the Aragonese were largely xtlas with trade, the acquisition of wealth, and the location of resources such as gold.
La Corona de Aragon: Musa is shown holding a gold nugget and wearing a European-style crown. The work of art itself is in the public domain for the following reason: Abraham Cresques of Mallorca Mansa Musa. Furthermore, the fact that the cartographer, Abraham Cresques, a Jewish Majorcan, was especially commissioned to draw the map by the king of Aragon, Pedro IV, highlights the important role of minorities within the Crown of Aragon and also the prominence of the Majorcan school of cartography in the western Mediterranean.
How does the Atlas reflect the geo-political considerations of the Aragonese in the late 14 th century? Therefore, by the time that Abraham Cresques, an Iberian Jewish cartographer, had completed the Catalan Atlas inthe Crown of Aragon possessed a sea-borne empire, or thalassocracy, that extended from the shores of eastern Iberia to the Peloponnesian peninsula in the catzlan Mediterranean.
The following other wikis use this file: Regional Catalan lords in Sicily, Majorca and Greece ruled and administrated their territories semi-independently of royal authority, although there was a strong sense of loyalty to the Crown of Aragon. The highly-pure Tadmekka gold catapan would have been a prized commodity for early West African pilgrims making their way across the Sahara.